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The city acquired its name "Tbilisi" because of the warm sulphur springs located in the center of the city. Georgian's have a very interesting legend about the founding of Tbilisi. According to legend, King Vakhtang Gorgasali was hunting along with his company around the present-day Tbilisi area, a forest back then. The King's falcon chased down a pheasant; both birds fell into hot spring water. The King's escort found both of the birds boiled in the spring water. Because of the advantageous location and the curing qualities of the hot springs the King decided to build a city on this spot. The name "Tbilisi" is related to the warm springs that still flow from the ground. Because of the strategic location Vakhtang Gorgasali moved the Capital of the Kingdom of Kartli from Mtskheta to Tbilisi. The "Tbilisi Bath Houses", famous throughout the region, are still functional today.

The Mtkvari is the main river of Tbilisi, dividing the city into two parts. The mother fortress of Tbilisi - Narikala (4th century) still remains as the main symbol of the city.

The bronze statue near the fortress of Narikala is called the Mother of Georgia. The statue holds a sword in her right hand and a bowl of wine in the left, symbolizes the Georgian characteristics of expecting guests with wine and enemies with a sword.

The thirteenth century Church of the Sleeping of Saint Mary is located on the Metekhi Plateau. It is an extraordinary example of Georgian architecture. The statue of the founder of Tbilisi – Vakhtang Gorgasali stands in front of the church.

The Holy Trinity Cathedral
 was built in 2004 on the 1500th anniversary of the independence of the Georgian church and the 2000th anniversary of the birth of Christ. The Sameba Cathedral can be seen from all sides of the city. It is 101 meters high and 70 meters long and consists of 12 smaller temples. The Sameba Cachedral is the highest church in the entire Caucasus region and one of the highest among Orthodox Cathedrals in the world.

Tbilisi is very well-known for its Sulphur Bath Houses which have become famous over centuries. The Sulphur Bath Houses have always attracted tourists from all over the world including many famous public figures (Alexander Pushkin, Leo Tolstoy, Alexandre Dumas and others)